Know the difference between a drypoint, a lithograph, a giclée and an "embellished original"
In general an "original print" is defined by the artist's intent and involvement:
• It is an original idea, printed on paper or a like material,
• While there can be helpers and specialized printers of this artwork; the artist IS INVOLVED WITH THE DESIGN, EXECUTION AND INSPECTION of the resulting prints.
The five main categories of print making:
1.) Italgio/relief processes: use a plate that a design outline either is gouged into the plate (intaglio) or the plate is cut away
from the design outline relief. Tools and acid can be used to achieve these lines.
2.) Planographic: a design is drawn directly on a plate with special ink holding crayon and printed, example: Lithograph
3.) Stencil: Here a masking off material cut into a design is placed directly on the paper and then ink is pushed through and the areas
that are not blocked off get printed. Examples: Serigraphs or silkscreens. Think Andy Warhol's Campbell's Soupcan.
4.) Photomechanical: A design is transferred to a positive or negative film. Using light, to expose the design on a photo-sensitive
plate with special a special ink reactive coating, this plate can then be inked and printed.
An original painting has been fully executed by the artist.
• a computer generated reproduction that can be printed on a variety of materials
• A "hand embellished" giclée is paint or ink applied to a copy.
The artist or someone else may have put the marks on this mechanical reproduction.
For more terms and process definitions, contact us!